"Pink Floyd" was an British rock band who initially earned fame and recognition for their unique psychedelic and space rock music, and later, as they evolved, for their progressive rock material. "Pink Floyd" are known for deep philosophical lyrics, experimentation, unique album cover art, and elaborate live performances.
One of rock music's most successful acts, the group have sold over 210 million albums worldwide including 74.5 million albums in the United States. "Pink Floyd" influenced many progressive rock groups of the 1970's such as "Genesis" and "Yes," and also contemporary artists such as "Nine Inch Nails" and "Dream Theater."
"Pink Floyd" was founded in London in the year 1965 when Syd Barrett moved there and joined "The Tea Set," a group made up of Regent Street Polytechnic architecture students Nick Mason, Roger Waters, Richard Wright and Bob Klose. The group had limited mainstream success but were one of the most popular bands in the London underground music scene in the late 1960's as a psychedelic band led by Barrett. Eventually, Barrett's erratic behavior convinced fellow band members to replace him with guitarist and vocalist David Gilmour.
After Barrett's departure, singer and bassist Roger Waters became a dominant force in the group, a situation which evolved through the late 1970's, and endured until his departure from the band in 1985. The group had always been popular in the U.K., though they did not achieve worldwide commercial success until the concept albums The Dark Side of the Moon , Wish You Were Here, and Animals , and the rock opera The Wall.
In 1985, Roger Waters declared that Pink Floyd was "a spent force", but the remaining members, led by David Gilmour, continued to record and tour using the name "Pink Floyd." Waters sued them for the name, although they were able to reach a settlement out of court, which would allow Gilmour, Mason and Wright to continue as "Pink Floyd." Once again, they enjoyed worldwide success with A Momentary Lapse of Reason and The Division Bell.